Care and maintenance of fish in the pond
For the complete range of fish in country pond, its depth should be not less than 1.8 m. At lower depths the fish to hibernate outside of the pond, otherwise it will die. The danger to fish in a pond can make birds and cats, fish for them — the subject of hunting. To protect pond fish from birds, there are special floating pyramids or you can tighten the space above the pond grid. Obstacle cat will be a decorative fence (minimum height 150 mm), usually used for fencing flower beds. Feed the fish in the garden pond need a special food diet, depending on species. The number of feedings is determined based on the water temperature.
It is not recommended to feed the fish at a temperature of +10 C° intervals from +10 to +18C° should be fed once a day at temperatures of more than +18C° – several times a day. Feed in such amount that the fish would eat it within 5 minutes. For feeding in your absence, there are special automatic feeder.
Fish, like all living beings susceptible to various diseases. One of the main causes of outbreaks of disease in fish is stress that affects the immune system and reduces resistance to disease. Some causes of stress (examples) the carriage or transportation of fish -a temperature variation of, for example, in spring and autumn -ispoganili fish, for example, because soderzhaniia wrong species or because of the constant struggle of the hierarchical -frequent work in a pond, for example, redevelopment and reconstruction is the lack of a pond cover for fish -too strong excitement of water -unsuitable water parameters -incorrect use of chemical reagents (for example, use of the wrong fertilizer getting into the pond substances from the soil layer, improper use of drugs) bad hygienic conditions, for example, due to insufficient or incorrect care -overfeeding or wrong/deficient nutrition low feed quality -contents of an excessive amount of fish that you Just bought the fish put into the pond can’t, give her time to acclimatize — it needs to get used to the water temperature in the reservoir. Lower the tank with the fish in the pond and leave for a while — this will prevent the fish shock.
If you have purchased fish not in specialty stores, you should not immediately release them into the garden pond. Place them in the aquarium, filling it with pond water. Such quarantine shall be at least seven days — so you find out whether the sick fish. In spring and autumn necessary, it is recommended to treat the water in the pond is a special set of trace elements for fish. which contains the necessary vitamins, minerals and trace elements; prevents the occurrence of parasitic diseases in fish; raises the resilience and viability of fish; improves skin color; against acts harmful to fish substances such as ammonia and nitrates. Unfortunately, fish can get sick even with the best care. It is important to be able to correctly recognize a disease, to find the cause of the problem. Usually distinguish between external and internal diseases, depending on their localization .External diseases occur mainly on the fins, skin and gills. They are usually identified at early stages and, therefore, can be treated in time. Internal diseases are difficult to recognize. But, upon careful observation almost all diseases can be used to detect not the typical behaviors of fish, which includes loss of appetite, unusual manner of swimming, lethargy and discoloration. Regular, close observation helps to identify many diseases at an early stage, when the diseased fish are not yet weakened too and the chances are good that healthy fish will not be infected. Finding an individual patient, immediately isolate her from the rest and place it into the aquarium. Then describe to the technician the symptoms of the disease and buy the necessary medicines.
Caring for pond fish during winter.
The main task of the owners of the fish-pond in the winter is to maintain an ice-free hole. It is necessary for the release of harmful gases and water entering water of oxygen. In the absence of the hole the fish will die. To support the hole in several ways:
1. Aerator. Properly selected aerator is the most reliable way. It will provide the water with oxygen and give the ice to freeze even in the most severe frosts up to -40C.
Another advantage of the aerator is a small power consumption. It is also not unimportant. the aerator is used during the whole season and not just in winter. Please note that in winter ,aeration nozzle is placed at a minimum depth of 1m.
2. Heating or ten. This device is designed for cold less depending on power 200W up to -20C; VT to -25C; up to 600W-35S. All models are equipped with overheating protection and only one (wt) sensor low temperature.
3. Pump. You can use a pond pump with a nozzle is lowered below the water level, but this method has a lot of drawbacks: for the winter the pump is installed at a depth of 1 m, and it is not always feasible, at low temperatures the hole is still delayed and needs constantly to unfreeze.
4.Can be combined aerator small power and heating.