Two types exist in nature: pond and river. These species have noticeable differences from each other. First, pond carp has darker scales, and secondly, larger rivers, broader and also has a kind of hump, that is, a pronounced transition from the back to the head. Moreover, all States that pond look thicker and movable, produced significantly more offspring, and river a brother on the contrary is cunning, so to talk about fish. By the way, it should be noted that river and much faster growing, and are considered to be stronger. Pond carp is not just a certain fish.
These individuals have different forms and scales. The last species is considered the most beautiful of all. It is covered with scales of Golden hue, tall and long body, a broad fin on the back gray. Has a large caudal fin brownish, and the lower fins are mostly grey, less common purple. Eyes also differ in color Golden and black pupils. It is a bit like carp, but You will immediately see the difference, because on the lips of carp has a small mustache, and the body is longer in contrast all from the same carp.
In his pharynx has pharyngeal teeth, five on each side, katariinankatu carp for grinding the food. If You caught the lighter an individual, then it is a young fish that are not yet fully formed. The young differs in having a more hump back, a little skinny.
Linear carp stands out with its neat rows of scales on the sides, also it looks more elongated, compared with other types. Naked carp are so called, because it have no scales! Here’s how it looks:
The scales still can be found in the area of the dorsal fin and around the gills, but no more. The dorsal fin has 15 rays. Mirror type has heterogeneous scales, but at the same time large, which collected the series. The fin on the back has no more than 20 rays.
If we talk about external beauty and aesthetics of the fish, exactly look very attractive gold carp. By the way, exist in nature, and fully coloured, even multicoloured species of this fish. They can be found in warm waters, exotic countries – koi-koi. Let’s go back to our native pond species. Already stated before that depending on the age difference between the proportions of the individuals, and not depends on the type, so all of Karpov. Younger than carp, so it is smaller, thinner and more humpbacked. This Ribena can live a very long time, to reach huge sizes, for example, 20 years old, weight 40-50 pounds – impressive?
The habits and behaviors of carp
Although many senior individuals, the larger can be kept away from all, yet this is a schooling fish. In such a pack can be a instances big and small. adults and young, in General, of all kinds. With all the love for get-togethers, crowds, swarms of carp are never large, some 30 units, but no more. The energy, the mobility of the fish depends on the habitat, on the temperature of the reservoir. We all know that the ponds do not freeze, this applies to warmer regions, and so there carp into hibernation for a very short period of time. As a rule, in these waters they eat almost all year round. And if you take the place where the water is covered with ice crust, the behavior of carp otherwise. They fall into bed at the first hint of a cold, burrowing into the pit. Conduct in this state almost until the spring thaw. What such a comparison? To the fact that in the South they grow much faster and become to manhood larger, unlike the inhabitants of Northern waters.
Sleep and place
Actually carp risk when they are in search of a place of hibernation. They have one enemy – the catfish, so he goes to sleep much earlier than Karpov. Since soma is go to sleep earlier, so they take the best and comfortable seats. And our protagonist has no choice but to lie on top of soma, figuratively speaking, to hug him and sleep. Strange picture, but the fact remains so. In fairness, it should be noted that this does not always happen. During hibernation they are covered with mucus, which hardens and protects them from freezing. Revival comes as soon as the ice melts. First they move in shallow water and begin to fatten. After that begin to spawn.
As to food, gives preference to plants, but may eat different organisms bodies of water, so carp is omnivorous fish. It can be called a foodie, as it is not against to taste caviar, but in spring and summer often fall to reed shoots him. But the cane he chooses not by chance, as it is also the perfect cover for him. Experienced fishermen have noticed that most often you can meet him in the rushes, and just in those reservoirs where a lot of vegetation. He can eat both day and night. It is noticed that they can eat other fish smaller, if not enough plant foods. Can also eat their own young, Yes, it happens sometimes. Summarizing the biology of this fish, will consolidate information:
Growth depends on geography, habitat, air and water temperatures;
Sleep also depends on geography and temperature, respectively;
Prefers waters with a predominance of vegetation.