Never thought fish can make sounds, interested. rummaged a little in an Internet and here is what I got
The fish themselves can make sounds. Publish them they are not only random, but also “consciously”. Soulful Solovyov among the fish there. Too primitive their tools. The sound is produced by squeezing bladders, snapping the knuckles of the armor that has it, or Gill covers, gnash their teeth, and vertebrae on the vertebrae. Sounds appropriate: fight, crash, screech, howling, chirping, grunting.
Marine warrant officers are buzzing. Trigla grumbles and croaks not musically, but if the fish will gather a lot, they have something similar on the market. Fish-frog – kin Midshipman is buzzing so eardrums are ready to burst!
“Close to fish these horns have the power of a train or riveting machine, reaching for ear painful intensity exceeding 100 decibels” (Professor T. S. Race).
Fish emit and perceive ultrasound. But among the fish a lot of “singing” fish that emit strong sounds. Fish dictionary words. dark slab – “HRAP-HRAP”; light gorbyl – “points points”; the scat – “ooh-ooh”; gurnard – “trek-trek”; the barks mackerel being caught, tropical flounder – the sound of a harp or bells, river catfish grunts, sea breams grunts, mackerel hisses and grunts like a pig,chirps cod, sprat and hum.
Pike, Chub, chasing fish, often popping up out of the water with a loud splash. Typical “eater” perch, grasping for breath in pursuit of fry. In calm weather you can hear Smokeout bream, roach, carp, eating the algae. Noisy “play” salmon, sturgeon.
With a deafening roar and jump again splash down in the water, the moon-fish, gigantic stingrays. Loud beats on the water with the tail hunting a shark-Fox. Far heard jumping schooling fish — pelamide, mullet, mackerel.
All these sounds are formed by the movement and food of fishes, ichthyologists called noises. Fish produce them unconsciously, and they did not confirm the existence in fish hearing. Another thing — the sounds that fish make special adapted to this authorities. And they do this, presumably, was not in vain.
That fish are not mute, known by the ancient Greeks. Homer, obviously, heard the sounds of scienne. The sounds of these fish are only distantly singing. About them then remembered the poet, when he wrote about the sirens, singing trying to lure Odysseus.
The fishermen of the Malay Peninsula often before sametom nets lowered into the water experienced fisherman with sensitive ears. He listens to the “voice” of the fish and determines whether it makes sense to start fishing.
Especially a lot of “fish” learned scholars in the last decade. This has helped them “water ears” — sensitive device, the hydrophone, a well-picks up sound in the water. Using a hydrophone voice fish have managed not only to listen but to record.
It turned out that “singing” is posted sceen far from the underwater depths.
“Talkative” scieni not only, but also all their relatives — croakers live fish. They grumble, sigh, creak, croak.
There are fish, “beating the drum”. Their so— called- fish-drummers. Discordant chorus of drummers can regularly enjoy summer and fall evenings in various parts of the Black sea.
And off the coast of China lives a wonderful flounder — cynoglossus. She makes a sound like the ringing of bells, the harp, the low tone of the organ.
Very “chatty” sea cocks. They can whistle, bark, buzz, cackle. “The conversation” black sea cocks-trip can be transferred syllables: OO-AO PP-AO.
As you can see, the saying “silent as a fish” is not true: “talking” fish is not so little, and their vocabulary is quite varied. Some species of seahorses and sea needles clicked. Co – we-killer whale creak. Black sea greenfinches grind. Frogs and dogs-fish grunt. Indonesian teraphy buzzing, almost like cars. In a low voice “talking” herring.
Biologists first recorded sounds generated deep-water fish. It is unclear what they mean, but there are suggestions that in this way the fish are looking for their own kind.
As you know, the shallow fish can produce different sounds.
It is established that fish make sounds by squeezing air bladder, snapping the Gill covers, moving individual fin rays, and jaw gnashing of the pharyngeal teeth. Published by the fish resemble the sounds of drum beats, cawing, grunting, panting, whistling, grunts and rattling. Especially intensively fish emit sounds during reproduction, power, intimidation, and also when moving, digging soil, the protection of the postponed caviar.
Reproducing the sounds, the fish are trying to attract individuals of the opposite sex, to organize a better interaction in the pack, between parents and offspring, to warn of danger, to intimidate the enemy. Published by the sea fish sounds used in echolocation.