Body soma is elongated, in front rounded, posterior – laterally flattened, without scales, with soft skin, mucus secreting. Eyes small, located closer to the head. Snout broad, flattened, rounded. There are front and rear nostrils, separated from each other. Mouth wide, lower jaw slightly curled up, as slightly longer than the upper. Teeth soma and resemble brushes are in the sky and jaws. On the upper lip of the fish grows 2 large moustache, extending to end of pectoral fin. Chin soma there are 2 pairs of short whiskers, with whiskers in front three times shorter than the back. The body is very dark on the back, on the sides dark green with spots on the belly light. It is interesting that in large bodies of flowing water, the color is lighter catfish, in ponds with muddy stagnant water is almost black. The fin on the back short, close to head, is over the pectoral fins. Anal fin rather narrow, but long, connected to a rounded tail. In the pectoral fins of the outer beam is converted into a prickle, sometimes with a notch.
Som is growing rapidly, particularly in the southern river deltas. To 1 year in the Delta of the rivers Volga and Ural catfish reaches a length of up to 45 cm and weigh up to 600 grams, to 10 years — 125 cm and 18 kg, respectively. Continue reading
GRAYLING (Thymallus thymallus) and European grayling differs from other species of the genus a small mouth, i.e. (upper jaw does not go beyond front edge of eye). The teeth in the jaws very weak, almost imperceptible, Gill rakers 20 to 29. Its color is very bright: back and upper sides of small round black spots, on flanks brownish longitudinal stripes. The paired fins are yellow or red, Gypsy purple, on dorsal fin quadrangular bright spots arranged in rows. Marriage dress is reflected in the brightening of the color. In males, it also increases the height of the rear part of the dorsal fin. Size grayling does not exceed 50 cm, weight is usually 0.5 to 1 kg, but marked case of capture instance 4675 Distributed in G. the European grayling is widely. Its range encompasses almost the whole of Europe — from France, England, Germany, Denmark, Scandinavia and Finland to the Ural mountains. To the South it goes to Switzerland, Danube Delta and the Dniester, in the upper reaches of the Volga and the Urals.
No grayling only in the basins of the Dnieper, don, Kuban, Crimea and the Caucasus. Wherever there is a common grayling, he prefers fast rivers with clear water, where the pit (Bocage) alternate with rapids. In some places he goes and in lakes Ladoga, Onega, and Imandra, accutane spawning occurs in the river. Grayling of our North often leaves space in estuarine rivers (Kara lip) and some where found in quantities sufficient for commercial fishing. Grayling, in General, is a predatory fish, Continue reading
The economic crisis of the early 1990s. simple factories had a positive impact on improving the environment of the Black sea is the habitat of many fish species which have become rare even in the 1970s. If the earlier garfish catches have met quite rarely. And today garfish . previously found pretty rarely, became one of the most popular objects of Amateur fishing on the black sea coast.
Atlantic garfish in the waters of the Black sea usually grows up to 70 cm and reaches a weight of 300-400 g. This gregarious predator, which constitute the main food various small fish, mainly ferina – fish similar to the anchovy (scientifically – silversides). The shape of the body resembles something of a cross between a fish and eel needle: long, flexible body covered with small silvery scales. A characteristic feature are very outstretched jaw and beak studded with small teeth, making it similar to a swordfish or Marlin.And although he concedes the size of the legendary corsairs of the southern seas, aggressiveness and restlessness in pursuit of prey can safely compete. Fishing for garfish on the black sea coast starts around July and continues until the frosts in November / December. If the summer of garfish are caught only sporadically and, as a rule, medium-sized, in the fall of a dozen toothy predators are a normal catch. It was at this time organized taiarana start the season on Perino that strays in ima. This small, 7-10 cm fish is the best bait for “black pike”, often referred to as the garfish, so it is with catching Fe-Rina begins the hunt for garfish. Perino caught using lift, light float rod (bait – a piece of mussels, shrimp) and a mini-tyrant (two to five hooks № 2,5-3 national classification, are equipped with white wool with shiny thread). The presence Perini in the area of fishing is one of the prerequisites of successful fishing. Continue reading