In the late 17th century Peter the great, meaning “to be firmly on the Azov and Black seas”, has a boatload of “Fortress” to explore the shores of the Black sea. Sailors measured the depth and made sketches of the coastline. Thus was made the first Russian map of the Black sea. Although, according to historians, the geography of the Black sea was well known to the ancient Greeks. They laid here the trade routes and built beautiful cities.
The black sea is an inland sea, belonging to the basin of the Atlantic ocean. With the ocean this body of water through the channels sequentially connects the Marmara, Aegean and Mediterranean seas. Over the Atlantic, and originate those cyclones, which bring the black bad weather. Through the narrow Straits hindered the water exchange between the seas and so the tides on the black sea coast is virtually invisible. Only occur under the action of strong winds and wind-effected processes can raise or lower the water level 30 cm On the North-East of the shallow Kerch Strait links the Black sea with the sea of Azov.
The radiant variety of its shades from blue to emerald-blue sea in all languages of the world is called “black”. The sea on the map resemble an oval, stretching from West to East on the 1150 km and from North to South nearly 580 km Severskoe location between the extreme southern point of the Crimea and the Turkish coast, which are separated by only 228 km maximum depth of 2210 m. the sea Continue reading