Plants for aquarium
Aquarium decorated with plants, turns into a unique piece of furniture. From it is simply impossible to look away. So that the plants in the aquarium is needed, no doubt. Question – which is better?
In any pet store attracted the attention of artificial plants, made specifically for aquariums. They often look “better than real”, they are often combined with some interesting decorative detail, like a sunken ship. They have a number of advantages:
they do not die of old age and poor conditions. Quality options for years retain color and elasticity;
they will not suffer, even if they pull from the soil. As you like to frequently change the design at its discretion ;
they are inedible for fish ;
they will not grow, filling the aquarium as a whole;
if necessary, they are easy to clean away algae .
It would seem the choice is obvious: buy and install without taking the time to care for live plants that might require cares almost more than the fish. But artificial plants has its drawbacks:
they can’t breed;
they always look the same;
they do not contribute to establishing the biological balance in the aquarium.
Live aquarium plants are higher: Tsvetkov, ferns and mosses. – what determines the variety of their forms. Sredina high and low, thin and spreading, with leaves growing from the growth points on the rhizome or on the stem is located. They play a huge role in establishing the biological balance in the aquarium, but not limited to:
live plants not only make the interior of the aquarium, but also emphasize the color of the fish;
play an important role in the metabolism of the aquarium. Like their terrestrial relatives, aquatic plants during photosynthesis absorb carbon dioxide and emit oxygen, which makes them indispensable in the exchange of the aquarium;
promote biological treatment of water, absorbing for the formation of plant tissue organic and inorganic substances that accumulate in the soil and in water due to fish waste. Some species ( the pondweed, Elodea, echinodorus ) are removed from the water calcium salts, converting them into an insoluble state;
lower inhibit the growth of algae, which can become a real scourge;
are important for fish reproduction. Some species of fish, such as angelfish, lay their eggs on the leaves. In addition, fry is content to hide in the bushes so they wouldn’t be eaten;
may act as a natural dressing for the fish.
In the aquarium it is used by more than 500 species and varieties of freshwater plants. But for normal life and development they require the same conditions as terrestrial plants: sunlight; carbon dioxide; nutrients in soil; suitable temperature. to take advantage of all of these. Artificial plants are actually not demanding. Also, do not have to puzzle over how best to plant them. While with live plants will have to figure out what group they are landing:
floating on the water surface; Strong development of floating plants degrades the illumination of the water column and significantly reduces the gas exchange in the soil. This leads to rotting of the soil in aquaria, the surface of which is covered with floating plants. This group includes Salvinia, piste, duckweed and others.
floating in the water column; it is convenient to use in a new aquarium with a shortage of other plants. This group includes riccia, NASA, pemphigus, lagarosiphon .
rooting in the soil of aquatic, semi-aquatic, wetland or riparian plants ;
stem plants fixed in the soil.
plants with pop-up branches-stems, as, for example, myriophyllum, Ludwig, heteranthera, alternatera (Alternanthera), hygrophila (Hygrophila).
Typically, higher plants are planted in the back of the aquarium and lower closer to the front wall to create perspective. But it’s not the only thing that should be considered when planting. Large plants with well developed roots (e.g. cryptocorynes or echinodorus ) will have to be planted so that all roots were in the soil, and root collar on him. The aponogeton will have to be planted so that from under the ground, it looked about 1/3 of the tuber. Species with long creeping rhizome sometimes are generally very difficult to place correctly so that the rhizome is buried, and the base of petioles remained thus naked.
In addition to proper planting live plants may require a specific water chemistry, others like brighter lighting, some species have a fairly narrow range of tolerated temperatures. If you provide optimal conditions for plant growth, this may also entail certain difficulties. Basic – too much consumption of oxygen in the dark. In addition, a large gathering in the aquarium plants lose their decorative qualities, and the observation of the aquarium inhabitants is difficult.
However, familiarity with aquatic plants may be no less interesting than breeding fish. No matter what version you do not stopped, artificial plants after the acquisition of needed disinfection, and the living, perhaps in quarantine. Artificial plants this purpose quite properly wash and scalded with boiling water. With live you can bring in your own aquarium filamentous algae or snail eggs. For desiderii you can use ready-made tools that are sold in pet stores (as per instructions), or home-like solution of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate).