Shark catfish

Miniature logo people use floats in my aquarium. Pulls its huge eyes, cuts smooth water surface with a sharp fin. Charming quirky! Like the shark, and there seems little aquarium fish. And it is the same bizarre: pangasius shark catfish.

What kind of fish and how to treat it?

Eat with the zucchini, cheese and carrot, served with mayonnaise sauce with sweet peppers and pineapple, with vegetables and rice. Fish is actually very tasty and almost boneless. But now we will talk about shark catfish as aquarium pet. but not dishes for dinner.

Pangasius originating from Thailand, are common in Southeast Asia and Indochina. In their family there are about 46 species, some specially bred on fish farms, Vietnam. But because the size of most fish are too big and in nature they grow up to 2.5 meters, to contents in the home are only two species of shark catfish: vysokoplastichnyh and ordinary (Siamese). They are perfectly adapted to our climate, each year gaining more and more popularity as aquarium fish.

The content

For the content of shark catfish preferred a large aquarium with a volume of 300 liters. Warm often changes of water they grow fast. Vysokoplastichnyh pangasius per year can reach half a meter in length, if I have space, so this ekzempleroj a lot of space.

Quieter and smaller Siamese pangasius better suited for decorative home aquariums. Their sizes do not exceed 30 cm, and they can live in aquariums smaller (from 60 l), but then it requires constant aeration and water filtration.

Water

Shark catfish – heat-loving fish. He felt good, the water temperature in the aquarium should not fall below 23°C (average: 24-28°C). When the temperature drops pangasius fall to the bottom and stop eating.

Shark soma fit neutral water with small deviations: stiffness = 5-20° (dGH), acidity (pH) = 7.

Important efficient filtration (up to a quarter of the volume of the tank), you need to change the water at least twice a month. It is also possible to arrange a current that fish love.

Feeding

Pangasius not a fussy eater, and very gluttonous. As vysokoplastichnyh and Siamese are “carnivorous” fish, so feed them will go dry feed pellets, bloodworms, beef heart, shrimp, squid, small live fish. The food should float in front of the mouth: on the surface or in the water column as the fish may refuse to take food from the bottom.

Shark catfish are nocturnal predators, feed them better in the evening. Sometimes they refuse to eat at the light. then it is better to mute that they are not afraid of the shadow you cast.

Behavior

Pangasius often prone to stress. They can panic at the sight of any shadows or any reflections of light. With a strong fear a flock of catfish will be worn on the surface of the water, threatening to jump out of the aquarium and crashing into all objects, gets their way. They even noses myself so break! To fish feel more secure, are encouraged along side and rear walls of the aquarium for planting.

It is worth remembering that the pangasius if you have one, it is exposed to stresses more often. Not fully accustomed on a new place, it may even refuse food for a long time to freeze in the corner of the aquarium or “swoon” when you approach. Shark catfish – fish schooling, therefore, can not tolerate loneliness and it is better to keep them for 3-4 individuals. Surrounded by their own kind, they become very mobile, running around the aquarium, making its depth.

But even the proximity of other fish species, dimmed light and comfortable shelters will help the catfish to adapt faster to a new place. Over time, with the right approach they are accustomed to the owner and even starting to take food from his hand.

Compatibility

In relation to large fish pangasius peaceful. However, reaching large sizes, they become bolder, starting to feel his strength and can swallow a fish their own size or even larger bite. It happens and cannibalism, so the catfish can easily eat his brother, lagging behind in size. This applies particularly to vysokoparnym soms.

In aquariums pangasius well with Lesovedenie barbs, shark ball, Labe, stingrays, armour-clad pike, fish-knives (and black, and mottled), tiger perch, cichlids, brocade catfish and many other species of suitable size.

The best neighbors are quiet large fish. However with proper and regular feeding even the most voracious shark catfish can coexist with small fish.

Reproduction

Lifetime shark catfish: 10 years and more. Ages 3 to 6 years, a period of maturation and the fish begin to spawn. This occurs from June to November, with intervals of several days. Pangasius lay eggs among the algae – up to 100 000 eggs! At the appropriate incubation temperature (30°C) in two days, the youth comes out on the freedom. However, the propagation of pangasius in aquariums is very rare, so it is unlikely you will wait for replenishment in the family.

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